What Is a Creditor?

What Is a Creditor?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

A creditor is an individual, company or institution that lends money or extends credit to another entity. The entity that borrows the money or credit is referred to as a debtor. When you lend money to someone, you become their creditor until they pay you back fully. Creditors can lend money to both individuals and businesses. The money or credit provided to debtors can take various forms, such as a mortgage for buying a property, a car loan, or a credit card. When providing the credit, creditors usually expect to earn back their money plus an additional amount or interest as compensation for the risk taken.

Related Questions

1. What’s the difference between a creditor and a debtor?

A creditor is the entity that lends money or credit, while a debtor is the individual or entity that borrows from the creditor. Therefore, in a lending relationship, the creditor provides the loan and the debtor receives and owes the loan.

2. What are secured and unsecured creditors?

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Secured creditors are those who have a right to take specific property of a debtor if the debtor fails to fulfill repayment obligations. On the other hand, unsecured creditors lend money without acquiring rights to any property of the debtor, making their loans riskier.

3. What happens if a debtor fails to repay a creditor?

If a debtor fails to repay a creditor, the creditor may resort to debt collection efforts like contacting the debtor, sending a demand letter, or hiring a collection agency. For larger debts, legal action might also be taken.

4. What is a mortgage creditor?

A mortgage creditor is a financial institution or an individual that lends money to a borrower for the purpose of purchasing a property. The property itself serves as collateral for the loan.

5. Can a person be both a creditor and a debtor?

Yes, a person can be both a creditor and a debtor. For instance, if you have a car loan and a mortgage, you’re a debtor to your car loan lender and mortgage lender. Yet, if you lend money to a friend, you’re a creditor to that friend.