What Is Debt Management?

What Is Debt Management?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

Debt management is a strategy, often advised by a financial professional, to help you pay off your debts in a structured and sustainable way. This typically involves negotiating with your creditors to reduce your interest rates or monthly payments. The main objective of debt management is to provide you with a feasible payment plan that you can handle over time. It is often used as a way to prevent bankruptcy, which can have serious impacts on your credit history.

Related Questions

1. What is a Debt Management Plan (DMP)?

A Debt Management Plan (DMP) is a strategy that involves a third-party agency working with your creditors on your behalf. The agency negotiates to lower your interest rates and monthly payments. You then make one consolidated monthly payment to the agency, who distributes the money amongst your creditors.

2. How does debt management impact credit score?

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Initially, entering a debt management plan may slightly lower your credit score because your creditors will put a note on your credit report that you’re paying through a DMP. On the brighter side, making consistently on-time payments during the DMP period can positively impact your credit over time.

3. Who should consider debt management?

People struggling to manage their unsecured debts such as credit card bills, student loans, or medical bills can consider debt management. If you’re finding it hard to make minimum payments or have high interest rates, you might find a DMP helpful.

4. Can you get out of debt without a debt management plan?

Yes, you can. Options include debt consolidation, wherein you take out a lower interest loan to pay off your high-interest debts. Another approach is the snowball method, where you prioritize paying off smaller debts first to gain momentum. It’s also possible to negotiate lower interest rates or
revised payment terms directly with your creditors.

5. Are there disadvantages to a debt management plan?

Yes, there can be. You may find your access to credit restricted during a DMP program. Some creditors might not agree to work within a DMP. And, it takes discipline and commitment, as the program usually lasts 3-5 years. Therefore, it’s crucial to explore all options and choose the best one for your personal financial situation.