What Is Earnings Per Share (EPS)?

What Is Earnings Per Share (EPS)?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

Earnings Per Share (EPS) is a company’s net profit divided by the number of outstanding shares. It’s a measure used to indicate a company’s profitability. It’s calculated by taking the difference of a company’s profit and dividends for preferred stock dividends and then dividing the result by the average outstanding shares. For investors, it’s a significant parameter to consider before investing in a company’s stock as it provides insights about potential returns.

Related Questions

1. How is the simple EPS calculated?

Simple EPS is calculated by subtracting preferred dividends from net income and then dividing the result by the weighted average common shares outstanding over the year.

2. What is diluted EPS?

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Diluted EPS is a profitability calculation that considers additional shares that may be issued from stock options, convertible securities, etc. It gives a worst-case scenario look at the potential dilution of stock value.

3. Is a higher EPS better?

Typically, a higher EPS indicates more value because investors will pay more for a company’s shares if they think the company has higher profits relative to its share count.

4. Does EPS indicate dividend payout?

No, EPS does not directly represent the amount a firm pays in dividends. It’s merely a measure of profitability. A company with a high EPS could still have a low dividend payout if it chooses to reinvest its earnings.

5. What happens if EPS is negative?

A negative EPS means that a company is operating at a loss. It may be a sign that a company is struggling financially and can impact the decision of investors.