What Is Market Value Added?

What Is Market Value Added?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

Market Value Added (MVA) is a financial metric that calculates the difference between the current market value of a company and the capital contributed by investors, both bondholders and shareholders. In other words, it’s the sum that measures the value a company has created or destroyed for its investors since they invested in the company. A positive MVA implies that a company has created value, whereas a negative MVA indicates the company has destroyed value.

Related Questions

1. How do you calculate Market Value Added (MVA)?

To calculate MVA, you subtract the total capital invested in a company (equity and long-term debt) from the company’s market value. The formula is MVA = Market Value of the company – Invested capital.

2. What does it mean when a company has a positive MVA?

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A positive MVA means that a company’s market value is higher than the capital invested. This suggests that the company is effectively using invested capital to generate wealth and is therefore creating value for its investors.

3. Can a negative MVA be a cause of concern?

A negative MVA means the company’s market value is lower than the capital invested in it. This situation may signal mismanagement or underuse of capital, causing a loss of value for the investors. A consistently negative MVA could potentially be a red flag for investors.

4. How does MVA relate to Economic Value Added (EVA)?

MVA and EVA are closely related. EVA is an indicator of a company’s profitability considering its cost of capital. When a company consistently generates a positive EVA, it typically results in a positive MVA, signaling value creation.

5. What role does MVA play in investment decisions?

Investors may use MVA as one of the factors during investment decisions. A consistently positive MVA indicates a company’s efficient use of capital and its value-generating potential, whereas a negative MVA might make the investors cautious.