What Is the Producer Price Index?

What Is the Producer Price Index?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

The Producer Price Index (PPI) is a financial tool used to measure the average changes overtime in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. This index is produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which tracks the prices of nearly every good produced in the United States, including raw goods, semi-finished goods, and finished goods.

Related Questions

1. How is the Producer Price Index used?

The PPI is widely used as a forecast of inflation by economists and investors. When producers are hit with higher costs, they often pass them on to consumers. Thus, a rise in the PPI may imply rising prices, or inflation, in consumer goods and services.

2. How is the Producer Price Index calculated?

Want More Financial Tips?

Get Our Best Stuff First (for FREE)
We respect your privacy and you can unsubscribe anytime.

The PPI is calculated by dividing the current prices of the goods by its price in a specific base year, and then multiplying the result by 100. This provides an easy way to compare price changes over time.

3. What’s the difference between the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Producer Price Index (PPI)?

While the PPI measures the price change from the seller’s perspective, the CPI measures the price change from the purchaser’s perspective. In other words, the PPI measures how much businesses are charging for their goods and services, while the CPI measures how much consumers are paying for them.

4. How often is the PPI updated?

The PPI is released every month by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This allows analysts and investors to track changes in the selling prices of domestic producers on a regular basis.

5. Can the PPI predict economic conditions?

Since it tracks price changes in nearly every domestic good, the PPI can provide insights into future inflation, and thus, economic conditions. However, it’s not the only indicator to consider. Economists and investors often use it in conjunction with other economic indicators for a more complete picture of the economy’s health.