What Is Market Capitalization?

What Is Market Capitalization?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

Market Capitalization, often shortened to market cap, refers to the total value of all a company’s shares of stock. It is calculated by multiplying the share price of the company by its total number of outstanding stocks. This method is commonly used to show a company’s size as an alternative to sales or total asset figures.

Related Questions

1. What does a company’s market capitalization tell you?

Market capitalization is a simple method of determining a company’s size and value. With this number, investors can make comparisons between companies and make portfolio decisions. It’s also an indicator of a company’s growth trends which can influence investment decisions.

2. What is the formula to calculate Market Capitalization?

Want More Financial Tips?

Get Our Best Stuff First (for FREE)
We respect your privacy and you can unsubscribe anytime.

The formula to calculate market capitalization is straightforward. You simply multiply the share price of a company by its number of outstanding shares. The outcome gives you the total market value of the company’s equity.

3. What are the types of Market Capitalization?

Market Capitalization can primarily be broken down into three types: Large Cap, Mid Cap, and Small Cap. Large Cap companies typically have a market capitalization of $10 billion or more. Mid Cap companies are slightly smaller, with a market cap between $2 billion and $10 billion. Small Cap companies usually have a market cap under $2 billion.

4. Does Market Capitalization change?

Yes, market capitalization can change because it is linked to the company’s share price, which can fluctuate based on market forces. This means that a company’s market cap can vary over time, reflecting the company’s growth or shrinkage.

5. How often is Market Capitalization calculated?

Market Capitalization is not calculated on a set schedule. It fluctuates in real time along with the company’s share price. As such, the market cap of a company can change throughout the trading day.