What Is a Secured Loan?

What Is a Secured Loan?

By Charles Joseph | Editor, Financial Affairs
Reviewed by Corey Michael | Senior Financial Analyst

A secured loan is a type of loan where the borrower pledges an asset (e.g., a car or property) as collateral for the loan, which then becomes a secured debt owed to the creditor who gives the loan. The term “secured” means that the loan is backed by an asset – thus giving the lender security, because if the borrower defaults or fails to pay the loan, the lender can sell off the asset (collateral) to recover the funds they lent.

Related Questions

1. How does a secured loan work?

A secured loan works by providing a financial institution with a form of security, in case you default on your payments. This security is typically an asset you own, like your home. If you can’t make your payments, the institution can legally take ownership of that asset.

2. What are examples of secured loans?

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Common examples of secured loans include mortgages, auto loans, and secured personal loans. For example, when you take a mortgage loan to buy a house, the house itself serves as collateral for the loan.

3. What are the advantages of secured loans?

Secured loans typically come with lower interest rates as they pose less risk to lenders due to the collateral backed. They also may offer higher borrowing limits and longer repayment terms.

4. What are the risks of secured loans?

If you fail to repay a secured loan, the lender has the right to seize the collateral to recover their losses. This means you could lose your home, car, or other valuable assets.

5. Can I get a secured loan with bad credit?

Yes, it’s possible to get a secured loan even with bad credit. As you’re offering the lender some form of security, they may be more willing to offer you a loan. However, keep in mind that this also carries substantial risk, as defaulting could lead to loss of your asset.